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Hasan Kalyoncu Unv Gaziantep, Turkey

Author: Fazil

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IFRI-SOL the Tunisian photovoltaic panels producer with a production capacity of 200 MW and soon 400 MW has finalized the delivery of the 16 MW for a solar power plant in Turkey (Izmir) and it is also preparing to finalize the participation as a panel manufacturer in other plants solar in the same country.

To develop better its strategies, Ifrisol will participate as exhibitor in the most interesting fair in this country which is Solarex Istanbul between 05/04/2018 and 07/04/2018 and presents its current projects including the opening of a factory in Turkey intended for partners who prefer to buy the Ifrisol panel locally with a capacity of 100Mw; decision made by the CEO Mohamed ZROUGA

Now with significant production capacity and product diversification and also the integration of the new PERC technology IFRI-SOL will become a major player in the global renewable energy market.

Turkey’s Minister of Energy and Natural Resources, Berat Albayrak has announced that two tenders for new large-scale wind and solar projects will be held by the end of next summer.

According to a press release from the ministry, the announcement was made on the occasion of the Turkish Energy and Mining Forum in Istanbul.

Albayrak also said that the tender for solar, which is expected to assign another 1 GW of capacity, may also include the deployment of storage, without providing further details. As for the wind power tender, Albayrak said it will assign 1 GW of capacity.

The tenders will be held in the frame of the Renewable Energy Resources Area Project (YEKA), which was initially started for wind power and included solar since last year.

The vast majority of Turkey’s installed power is represented by unlicensed PV installations with a capacity of up to 1 MW. All of the plants included in this category are below 1 MW, or are segmented into 1 MW sub-units.

In the first solar auction held by the Turkish government last year, South Korea’s Hanwha Q Cells and local Turkish firm, Kalyon Enerji were awarded the contract to build 1 GW of solar in Konya, in the south-western edge of the Central Anatolian Plateau, at a price of $0.0699 per kWh.

The tender’s awarded contract included the construction of a 500 MW vertically integrated solar module factory, which Hanwha Q Cells and Kalyon Enerji inaugurated in December.

Hive Energy has achieved grid connection for its first project in Turkey. The 10 MW plant began generating power at the end of February, and is expected to generate around 18 million kWh per year.

The project’s US$11 million investment cost was financed by investors in the U.K. With the support of the British Chamber of Commerce in Turkey, Hive Energy established an office in Turkey in 2015, when it was reportedly looking to develop a 50 MW portfolio of projects.

“Throughout the planning and construction phase we worked hard to use local workmanship, materials and services,” said Hive Energy’s general manager for Turkey, Tolga Metin. “This park is an excellent example of how Foreign Direct Investment can have a positive impact on Turkey’s economic growth.”

Turkey installed an impressive 1.7 GW of new solar capacity in 2017, and is poised for another big year in 2018, with a 1 GW tender expected to be issued in the coming months.

Turkey has reached a cumulative registered unlicensed PV capacity of 3.94 GW (AC) as of the end of February 2018, according to new statistics published by the country’s state-owned grid operator, TEIAŞ, which appeared on the twitter account of the company’s general manager, Abdullah Atalay.

Overall, Turkey’s installed power generation capacity has topped 86.1 GW at the end of February. Natural gas and hydropower are the largest energy sources, with 27 GW and 27.4 GW respectively, followed by coal power, which has a generation capacity of around 19.2 GW. Wind power currently has an installed power of 6.5 GW, while geothermal and biomass power facilities have a capacity of 1 GW and 647 MW, respectively.

Official line

In a statement to pv magazine, Atalay said that all of the values provided in the statistics “refer to unlicensed operational power plants”. According to him, 522 MW of new PV systems were connected to the grid in Turkey in January and February alone, a growth trend that, if confirmed over the rest of the year, is likely to lead to stronger growth in 2018.

That the Turkish PV market may have reached or even surpassed 4 GW of registered unlicensed PV, was also confirmed by Kutay Kaleli, president of solar association, Günder, which represents the Turkish Republic in the programs of IEA PVPS (International Energy Agency Photovoltaic Power Systems).

On his Twitter account, Kaleli said, “The latest information we received at the Günder board meeting is that we have passed the 4,000 MW limit last weekend and we now have 4,061 MW of solar.”

In 2017, according to numbers published by TEIAŞ in late January, new PV additions totaled 2.5 GW. Most of this capacity, namely 1.2 GW, was registered in December alone.

Discrepancy

The figures provided by TEIAŞ at the end of January, however, have been questioned by a second Turkish solar association, Solarbaba, which claimed at the time that newly installed PV capacity for 2017 was not 2.5 GW but rather 1.7 GW.

According to the non-profit organization, TEIAŞ included PV projects that were near completion and not yet connected to the grid, on the 2017 spreadsheet. Upon pv magazine’s request to provide more details on the matter, however, the association’s president said he was not willing to further comment.

The European solar association, SolarPower Europe, which also recently reported 1.7 GW of newly installed PV power for Turkey in 2017, told pv magazine that new figures on the Turkish market will likely be provided before the association’s summit, which is scheduled to take place in Brussels next week.

U.K.-based market research company, IHS Markit has said it will also review its statistics on the Turkish market, following the publication of the new figures. “The difference between the official connection numbers of TEIAS and IHS Markit’s market estimation can partly be explained by the fact that TEIAS registers the grid connections, while market numbers of IHS Markit are based on system installations,” IHS Markit analyst, Susanne von Aichberger said in a statement to pv magazine.

“This means that IHS Markit has counted much of the installed capacity that was connected in 2017 in its 2016 number. While IHS Markit had 1.4 GW (DC) of cumulatively installed PV capacity in Turkey at the end of 2016, this cumulative connection number of TEIAS is 0.9 GW (DC) at the end of 2016.”

She continued, “The balance of 0.5 GW (DC) should be added to the number for 2017, if connections are being looked at. However, installation activity seems to have accelerated in the second half of 2017, ahead of the implementation of grid fees on 1 January 2018. IHS Markit will thus increase the installation number for 2017 to over 2 GW (DC).”

Eren Engur, CEO of Turkey-based solar consultancy company, Icarus Enerji-A, which has been operating in the local market for over 16 years, believes the country’s current operational PV is lower than that announced by TEIAŞ.

“Around 3.1 GW have been connected to grid so far,“ he said to pv magazine. This capacity, according to him, does not include the category of projects under the Temporary Acceptance (Geçici kabul) mode, which is the preliminary stage before getting grid connection approval. “Not 100% of the construction is finalized at this stage,” he said.

Rally

Outwith the question of whether installed capacity really has reached 3.94 GW, or whether some of this is still under development, a planned elimination of a grid-fee reduction, which came into effect on January 1, 2018, would have served to support an end-of-year rally.

The fee, which had been increased from 0.0076 TRL/kWh ($0.0026) in 2016 to 0.0256 TRL /kWh in 2017, has been further increased to 0.1025 TRL/kWh (around $0.027) starting from this year.

Despite this planned incentive reduction, developers appear not to have been discouraged, as the Turkish government is still granting a FIT of around $0.13/kWh to unlicensed PV projects.

“The impact of the fee on the FIT, however, may bring to a lower growth this year,” Bilal Eid, an assistant professor at the Department of Electrical and Electronic of the Faculty of Engineering of Turkey’s Hasan Kalyoncu University, and a consultant for solar project developers in Turkey, told pv magazine.

“It is still hard to say how much solar the country will deploy this year, but taking into account the current figures provided by TEIAŞ, it seems like the drop in PV project prices may also play a major role in boosting the market,” he added.

It must be stressed, however, that very few markets currently provide such a high FIT for MW-sized PV projects, and that, although in theory only PV projects up to 1 MW are eligible for this tariff, many solar parks consisting of 1 MW sub-units were built, and are being developed, in Turkey.

The history of PV in recent years has shown stronger end-of-year rallies than the one occurring in Turkey for large-scale solar. As a consequence of this tumultuous development, public entities have serious trouble securing grid-connection and managing the huge volumes of associated data.

Asunim is currently one of the leading EPC companies in Turkey and has so far concluded projects of 140MW with a separate and clear structure committed for long-term O&M commitments. The dedicated international engineering team of Asunim has a long track record of successful systems design and implementation, using cutting-edge 3D modelling and simulation software to correctly elaborate extremely important shading and counter slope calculations.

The power plant in Manisa, Turkey consists of two separate sites that have an outcome of 40.3 MW, built in parallel. One of 19.7MW and the other of 20.6 MW. Both are located in Manisa, Turkey. The systems feature JinkoSolar high-efficiency (PID free) solar modules and REFUsol 40K string inverters operating without the need for fan cooling and with full IP65 protection against humidity and dust. The German company, Solar-Log was the choice for the SCADA system. Operation and Maintenance activities will be covered by Maxima Energy, affiliate but independent O&M Company of Asunim.

“Installing a project on a flat terrain is easier when compared to sites with different slopes. In order to get the highest yield several different studies and calculations were made for this challenging project.” comments managing partner of Asunim Turkey, Mr. Umut Gürbüz .

“We are extremely pleased to see this contract as an outcome of our steadily growing successful partnership with Asunim Turkey over the last years. Asunim Turkey, as a trusted local partner, shares and follows the same highest product and service quality levels that we do also apply within Jinko Solar globally which makes us stronger and helps us to maintain our leadership position in the market.” adds Mr. Gener Miao, Vice President Global Sales and Marketing of JinkoSolar.

Doner tail strip steak venison beef ribs meatloaf leberkas ground round swine filet mignon alcatra short loin pork chop. Short loin t-bone tongue bresaola salami short ribs picanha spare ribs beef shoulder chuck shank ribeye. Boudin sausage pork belly ham hock. Andouille pork loin corned beef beef alcatra. Rump filet mignon biltong, doner strip steak shoulder bacon turkey pancetta.

Welcome to image alignment! The best way to demonstrate the ebb and flow of the various image positioning options is to nestle them snuggly among an ocean of words. Grab a paddle and let’s get started.

On the topic of alignment, it should be noted that users can choose from the options of NoneLeftRight, and Center. In addition, they also get the options of ThumbnailMediumLarge & Fullsize.

Image Alignment 580x300

The image above happens to be centered.

Image Alignment 150x150The rest of this paragraph is filler for the sake of seeing the text wrap around the 150×150 image, which is left aligned.

As you can see the should be some space above, below, and to the right of the image. The text should not be creeping on the image. Creeping is just not right. Images need breathing room too. Let them speak like you words. Let them do their jobs without any hassle from the text. In about one more sentence here, we’ll see that the text moves from the right of the image down below the image in seamless transition. Again, letting the do it’s thang. Mission accomplished!

And now for a massively large image. It also has no alignment.

Image Alignment 1200x400

The image above, though 1200px wide, should not overflow the content area. It should remain contained with no visible disruption to the flow of content.

Image Alignment 300x200

And now we’re going to shift things to the right align. Again, there should be plenty of room above, below, and to the left of the image. Just look at him there… Hey guy! Way to rock that right side. I don’t care what the left aligned image says, you look great. Don’t let anyone else tell you differently.

In just a bit here, you should see the text start to wrap below the right aligned image and settle in nicely. There should still be plenty of room and everything should be sitting pretty. Yeah… Just like that. It never felt so good to be right.

And just when you thought we were done, we’re going to do them all over again with captions!

Image Alignment 580x300
Look at 580×300 getting some caption love.

The image above happens to be centered. The caption also has a link in it, just to see if it does anything funky.

Image Alignment 150x150
Itty-bitty caption.

The rest of this paragraph is filler for the sake of seeing the text wrap around the 150×150 image, which is left aligned.

As you can see the should be some space above, below, and to the right of the image. The text should not be creeping on the image. Creeping is just not right. Images need breathing room too. Let them speak like you words. Let them do their jobs without any hassle from the text. In about one more sentence here, we’ll see that the text moves from the right of the image down below the image in seamless transition. Again, letting the do it’s thang. Mission accomplished!

And now for a massively large image. It also has no alignment.

Image Alignment 1200x400
Massive image comment for your eyeballs.

The image above, though 1200px wide, should not overflow the content area. It should remain contained with no visible disruption to the flow of content.

Image Alignment 300x200
Feels good to be right all the time.

And now we’re going to shift things to the right align. Again, there should be plenty of room above, below, and to the left of the image. Just look at him there… Hey guy! Way to rock that right side. I don’t care what the left aligned image says, you look great. Don’t let anyone else tell you differently.

In just a bit here, you should see the text start to wrap below the right aligned image and settle in nicely. There should still be plenty of room and everything should be sitting pretty. Yeah… Just like that. It never felt so good to be right.

And that’s a wrap, yo! You survived the tumultuous waters of alignment. Image alignment achievement unlocked!

Porchetta flank bacon tenderloin chuck boudin shankle turducken. Corned beef cow pork kevin jowl andouill strip steak, ground round short ribs brisket swine cupim. Tail pork chop pork loin, shankle pancetta hock pork. Pork chop turkey hamburger prosciutto, strip steak kielbasa drumstick ground round flank cupim. Meatloaf pancetta turducken picanha spare.

Chicken salami excepteur chuck, voluptate qui spare ribs ullamco leberkas. Commodo elit non pork chop, pork ipsum swine dolore sirloin est. Meatball chuck tri-tip, prosciutto shankle swine chicken spare ribs pork chop in tempor fugiat salami. Voluptate boudin pork pastrami short loin hamburger labore, in magna commodo beef ribs sausage.

Landjaeger sed occaecat lorem est pork loin. Ham hock salami do, pork loin in biltong nulla aliquip picanha fatback short loin. Alcatra ipsum pig excepteur qui sint tenderloin dolore ad. Mollit consequat short loin ea. Enim ut quis, in kevin ham hock sirloin.Clyde NguyenManager

Boudin jerky spare ribs short ribs corned beef, capicola doner shoulder sausage landjaeger swine salami. Flank beef tenderloin, turducken beef ribs jowl biltong drumstick prosciutto sausage turkey kevin shankle swine tri-tip. Beef ribs frankfurter ground round ham hock tail hamburger, sausage doner meatball. Strip steak short loin spare ribs andouille chicken. Rump landjaeger venison leberkas salami turkey jerky brisket bresaola.Read more Brisket pork chop short loin meatball ham kevi

Spare ribs kevin pork loin magna, adipisicing culpa consectetur meatball dolore doner ham tri-tip sunt kielbasa est. Culpa incididunt tri-tip, porchetta officia occaecat cupidatat swine voluptate proident adipisicing meatball do short loin dolor.

Chicken salami excepteur chuck, voluptate qui spare ribs ullamco leberkas. Commodo elit non pork chop, pork ipsum swine dolore sirloin est. Meatball chuck tri-tip, prosciutto shankle swine chicken spare ribs pork chop in tempor fugiat salami. Voluptate boudin pork pastrami short loin hamburger labore, in magna commodo beef ribs sausage.

Landjaeger sed occaecat lorem est pork loin. Ham hock salami do, pork loin in biltong nulla aliquip picanha fatback short loin. Alcatra ipsum pig excepteur qui sint tenderloin dolore ad. Mollit consequat short loin ea. Enim ut quis, in kevin ham hock sirloin.Clyde NguyenManager

Boudin jerky spare ribs short ribs corned beef, capicola doner shoulder sausage landjaeger swine salami. Flank beef tenderloin, turducken beef ribs jowl biltong drumstick prosciutto sausage turkey kevin shankle swine tri-tip. Beef ribs frankfurter ground round ham hock tail hamburger, sausage doner meatball. Strip steak short loin spare ribs andouille chicken. Rump landjaeger venison leberkas salami turkey jerky brisket bresaola.

  • Aliquip jerky chuck brisket filet mignon
  • Capicola ea sausage nostrud
  • Boudin et mollit, ut pig andouille beef
  • Shoulder consectetur exercitation aliqua

Beef ribs cupidatat incididunt laborum, pork chop short ribs qui labore ullamco drumstick voluptate occaecat ham ad beef. Id pastrami in non pork loin. Corned beef eiusmod tongue, laboris quis cow shank excepteur tail deserunt dolore.

Excepteur ball tip picanha shank. Spare ribs corned beef doner shank, reprehenderit beef cupidatat minim capicola ipsum bresaola hamburger irure.

Rump kevin beef, salami jerky eiusmod reprehenderit labore ipsum et short loin. Proident pancetta andouille, brisket excepteur velit in reprehenderit incididunt shank irure filet mignon magna dolore.

Est occaecat ground round culpa tenderloin aliquip, ut velit ea. Ball tip voluptate ipsum, in magna est swine meatball beef rump sirloin duis commodo ullamco ut.

Ex deserunt non elit venison pork loin nulla. Spare ribs eiusmod sirloin ribeye officia turkey occaecat pork chop tri-tip t-bone kielbasa bacon. Laboris chicken nostrud swine aliquip duis, spare ribs occaecat id. Boudin spare ribs voluptate ea aute deserunt.