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Hasan Kalyoncu Unv Gaziantep, Turkey

Akıllı Şebeke Laboratuvarları

Electricity Distribution – Smart Grid

Developments in technology change the
way the grid operators and the grid users
interact with the grid and make use of it.
Smart grid technologies are developing to
enable this transformation.
As the first step in smart grid development,
automated meter reading systems (AMR)
emerged which enable more frequent
and off-site metering. Turkey also adopted
its regulations to introduce AMR in the
electricity distribution grid. Widespread use
of AMR systems is essential for full market
opening and to support efficient grid
management. Implementation of smart grid
and metering systems enable two way data
communications and enable enhancements
in areas such as demand side management,
energy efficiency and balancing peak
demand. These huge investments should
be preceded with carefully studied costbenefit
analysis.
Smart Grid

In Energy Efficiency Strategy Paper
(2012-2023), implementation of smart
grid investments is considered as a target
in order to support electricity intensity
reduction by 20% before 2023.
With an attempt to increase R&D activities
of electricity distribution companies, EMRA
introduced a support scheme for R&D
projects including smart grid investments
as a focus area.
One of the main projects performed
in this area is "Turkish 2020 Smart Grid
Vision and Strategy Project" the output
of which is Turkey’s 2020 Smart Grid
Roadmap. This project provides feasible
technology selection based on costbenefit
analysis, systems architecture
design, recommendations about required
legislation and human capital targets.
It is expected that implementation of
the steps in the smart grid roadmap will
enable consumers to take an active part
in the electricity market, increase share of
renewables in electricity generation and
improve electricity supply quality.
Estimated investment to smart grid
implementations is ca. USD 11.2 billion by
the year of 2035.
Smart Metering
In conjunction with smart grid,
smart metering systems also play important
role in development of distribution
infrastructure and support full market
opening. Similar to smart grid, smart
metering system investments are analyzed
by cost benefit studies. Initially, smart
meters are expected to be implemented
for high electricity consuming clients
within the AMR limitations determined
by the regulator authority. For the later
investment period, smart metering
systems will be expanded in line with cost
reduction benefits and introduction of new
technologies.

Smart Market

Smart Market is defined as market
related benefits of smart solutions. In
addition to producers, consumers and
prosumers, many other service providers
are taking part in these markets (e.g. energy
efficiency service providers, aggregators,
etc.). Distribution companies need to
collaborate to manage market related
enabler investments such as integration of
solar-PV installations and electric charging
stations. Smart market applications may
lead to grid implications that must be dealt
by distribution companies.